Wopanga Mapaipi Otsogola & Wopereka Ku China |

Kodi Pipeline ndi chiyani?

Kodi mapaipi ndi chiyani?M'malo mwake, anthu ambiri amaganiza kale zomwe tikukamba, koma tidzalowa pang'ono mu njirayo ndikuyesera kulankhula m'chinenero cha sayansi.

Choncho, mapaipi ndi kukula kosiyana kwa zomangamanga, zomwe tingathe kusuntha zinthu zamadzimadzi, za gasi ndi zotayirira kuchokera kumapeto mpaka kumapeto.Mutha kuwona momwe mapaipi ndi zida zoyenera zimawonekera apa.Chitoliro si chitoliro chabe, ndi dongosolo lalikulu, lomwe limaphatikizapo, monga mwachizolowezi mipope yowongoka, ndi chiwerengero chachikulu cha zigawo zosiyanasiyana, mipangidwe, zipangizo zoyezera, zopangira, komanso chirichonse chomwe chimalola kuti ndondomekoyi itheke. zokha.

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Zigawo za payipi ndizofunikira chifukwa ndikuwathokoza kuti mutha kulumikiza ma diameter osiyanasiyana a chitoliro, kusinthana, kupindika, otsetsereka, ndi zina zambiri. Izi ndikusiyanitsa madontho, ma stubs, kusintha, zovekera, ma tee ndi mphete zosinthira.Tsatanetsatane amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pamene payipi yatsika kwakanthawi.Nthawi zambiri amaikidwa pamene payipi imagwirizanitsidwa ndi makina otsekemera.

Mapaipi amagawidwa, kutengera malo ndi ntchito, kukhala mafakitale ndi mainline.Industrial imatchedwanso matekinoloje mapaipi.Mwachitsanzo, ngati payipi ichoka pamalo opangira zida kupita kufakitale kapena doko, imatchedwa mainline.Komanso, kudzera m'mapaipi akuluakulu, mankhwala omalizidwa amaperekedwa kumalo ogwiritsira ntchito ndi ntchito.

Mosiyana ndi zazikulu, mapaipi aukadaulo amatengera gawo limodzi mwa magawo atatu a mapaipi onse m'mafakitale.Mapaipi otere amasamutsa zopangira ngati gasi, madzi kapena nthunzi kupita komwe akupita, ndipo mwina amakhala atamaliza kale zinthu, kapena zinyalala, chifukwa cha kukhazikika komanso kuphweka kwa mafakitale.Komanso mu mapaipi amenewa opatsirana oopsa thanzi la munthu zinthu zoipa kwambiri pa zovuta zosiyanasiyana ndi kutentha.

Koma mapaipi aukadaulo amabwereketsanso magawo osiyanasiyana kutengera komwe ali (atha kukhala kupembedzera kapena intra-ech).Mwa njira ya udindo wawo, iwo anawagawa pamwamba-pansi, mobisa, komanso kugawa ndi pansi gulu.Mapaipi a mafakitale amasiyanitsa ndi mtundu wa kuthamanga mkati mwawo pa kutayikira (kutsika kwambiri), kumatha kukhala vacuum, kapena sing'anga ndi kuthamanga kwambiri.Zimatengera zomwe zimanyamulidwa, kuchokera kukuya kwake ndi zizindikiro zina zambiri.

Koma ndizofunikira osati kupanikizika kokha, komanso kutentha, chifukwa zimagwirizanitsidwa kwambiri.Komanso, kutentha kumakhala kofunikira kwa zipangizo zopangira, zomwe zimasamutsidwa kuchoka kumalo A kupita kumalo a B. Zingakhale zotentha, zozizira, zachilendo, zotentha, zotentha kwambiri kapena cryogenic.


Nthawi yotumiza: Sep-01-2022